Home design, Earthquake Resistant Homes: wooden houses: the concept of earthquake resistant buildings
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wooden houses: the concept of earthquake resistant buildings Excerpt:
MULTI-STORY BUILDINGS-storey building is more than 2 (two).WALL LOADS bearer is the wall that is reinforced with a frame (frame) of wood or reinforced concrete that serves as the bearers of burdens caused by its own load, seismic load or wind load.FRAME frame bearer EXPENSES is either made of wood, reinforced concrete and steel are enabled to bear the burdens caused by wind or earthquakes. Partition wall is a wall of material couples and wood panels or other panel materials are not used as a bearer of loads.EARTHQUAKE LOADS is the equivalent static earthquake loads, which mimicked the actual load due to earthquake ground motion.
earthquake resistant buildings concept picture
Ductility is the ability of the structure of buildings to maintain sufficient strength and stiffness, so that the structure of thewas still standing, despite being in a state on the verge of collapse.PLANNING is the application of the way of rational calculation or trial in accordance with the principles of the common mechanical structure.Flexibility is the ability to experience considerable bending without collapsing.RESILIENCE is the ability to structure suffered heavy damage without collapsing altogether.IMPROVEMENT OF ARCHITECTURE is the repair of buildings of architectural elements so spaces and fixtures / equipment can function again.RESTORATION is an improvement on the elements of the load-bearing structure.Retrofitting (STRENGHTENING) is an improvement which aims to improve the structural strength of buildings.
Damage & Action
LIGHTWEIGHT NON-STRUCTURAL DAMAGE
- Fine cracks (width of the gap is smaller than 0.075 cm) in plastering
- Bits of plaster falling
- Covers a limited area
ACTION: repair (repair) is architecture without emptying the building.
DAMAGE TO LIGHT STRUCTURES
- A small crack (gap width between 0.075 to 0.6 cm) on the wall.
- Plaster falling.
- Covers a large area.
- Non structure damage to parts such as chimneys,
- The ability of structures to carry the burden had not decreased.
- Suitable function / habitation
ACTION: repair (repair) the nature of architecture so that the durability of buildings maintained. Repair minor damage to the structure can be done without emptying the building.
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