The concept of earthquake resistant buildings is essentially an effort to make all elements of the house into one unified whole, which can not be separated or collapsed by the earthquake. But at a certain scale if the building will collapse because of huge magnitude, at least the building still has time to survive the shock to allow time for occupants to escape and evacuate other family members. Here is one concept of earthquake resistant buildings made of wood with various forms the foundation of technical guidelines adapted from the book, Houses and Buildings Earthquake Resistant Buildings.
SIMPLE HOUSE is a habitable building that the occupancy is directly above the soil surface, in the form of single homes, duplexes and row houses. The price is affordable to low-and middle-income people. Building floor area of ??not more than 70 m2, built on a plot of land with an area of ??54 m2 to 200 m2.MULTI-STORY HOUSE is a two-storey homes (2) or more, flats (towers) for both low-income groups (simple flats rent), middle-income groups (simple flats) as well as upper-income groups (H luxury flats “apartments) . BUILDING SIMPLE is a simple building with character and complexity and simple technology, classification: an existing office building design prototype, or office buildings with total floor until 2nd floor with an area up to 500m2. Building health services: health clinic; Building basic level of education and / or advanced by the number of floors until2 floors.
MULTI-STORY BUILDINGS-storey building is more than 2 (two).WALL LOADS bearer is the wall that is reinforced with a frame (frame) of wood or reinforced concrete that serves as the bearers of burdens caused by its own load, seismic load or wind load.FRAME frame bearer EXPENSES is either made of wood, reinforced concrete and steel are enabled to bear the burdens caused by wind or earthquakes. Partition wall is a wall of material couples and wood panels or other panel materials are not used as a bearer of loads.EARTHQUAKE LOADS is the equivalent static earthquake loads, which mimicked the actual load due to earthquake ground motion.
Ductility is the ability of the structure of buildings to maintain sufficient strength and stiffness, so that the structure of the building was still standing, despite being in a state on the verge of collapse.PLANNING is the application of the way of rational calculation or trial in accordance with the principles of the common mechanical structure.Flexibility is the ability to experience considerable bending without collapsing.RESILIENCE is the ability to structure suffered heavy damage without collapsing altogether.IMPROVEMENT OF ARCHITECTURE is the repair of buildings of architectural elements so spaces and fixtures / equipment can function again.RESTORATION is an improvement on the elements of the load-bearing structure.Retrofitting (STRENGHTENING) is an improvement which aims to improve the structural strength of buildings.
LIGHTWEIGHT NON-STRUCTURAL DAMAGE
ACTION: repair (repair) is architecture without emptying the building.
DAMAGE TO LIGHT STRUCTURES
ACTION: repair (repair) the nature of architecture so that the durability of buildings maintained. Repair minor damage to the structure can be done without emptying the building.
STRUCTURAL DAMAGE LEVEL IS
WEIGHT OF STRUCTURAL DAMAGE
ACTION: tear down the building. Or do a thorough restoration and retrofitting of buildings inhabited before returning. In conditions such damage, the building became very dangerous and should be vacated
ACTION: tear down earthquake resistant buildings, cleaning the location, and set up new buildings.
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